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Gastal user manualYou can buy Gastal on this pageGastal is a drug that belongs to the pharmacological group of antacids. It is used for various pathological conditions of the stomach, accompanied by increased acidity of the gastri..
Gastal user manual
You can buy Gastal on this page
Gastal is a drug that belongs to the pharmacological group of antacids. It is used for various pathological conditions of the stomach, accompanied by increased acidity of the gastric juice.
Form of issue and composition
The drug Gastal is available in the form of tablets for resorption. In one tablet contains aluminum hydroxide-magnesium carbonate gel - 450 mg and magnesium hydroxide - 300 mg. It also includes auxiliary components:
Silicon dioxide colloidal.
Croscarmellose sodium (type A).
Flavor of peppermint or cherry.
Tablets have a rounded shape, a smooth surface and white (a cream color is allowed). They are packaged in a blister pack of 6 pieces. Cardboard pack contains 2,4,6, 8 or 10 blisters with the appropriate number of tablets and instructions for the use of the drug.
Gastal tablets in their composition contain active substances gel aluminum hydroxide-magnesium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide. This combination of active substances can neutralize hydrochloric acid of gastric juice without stimulation of its production by glandular cells of the gastric mucosa. Due to this effect, the drug belongs to the buffer antacids. One tablet Gastal neutralizes 21.5 mmol of hydrochloric acid, the effect persists for about 2 hours after its administration, while the acidity of the stomach is maintained at a physiological level (pH of the medium is 3.0-5.0). Also, the drug suppresses the activity of pepsin (the enzyme of gastric juice that breaks down protein molecules), lysolecithin, bile acids, and maximally removes the manifestations of dyspepsia, in particular heartburn, eructation with acidic contents. Tablets due to aluminum ions enhance the protective properties of the gastric mucosa - increases the synthesis of mucin (protective mucus), sodium hydrogen carbonate (endogenous alkali, further neutralizes hydrochloric acid), increases the concentration of endogenous growth factors of cells in the area of damage.
After resorption tablets Gastal, its active substances with saliva enter the stomach cavity, where they have a therapeutic effect. In the process of neutralizing hydrochloric acid, the active substances are converted into insoluble salts of magnesium and aluminum, which are excreted from the intestine with feces. The active substances are practically not absorbed into the systemic circulation.
Indications for use
Gastal tablets are used in conditions of high acidity of gastric juice, which is characterized by such manifestations or diseases:
Dyspepsia with pain in the epigastric region (upper abdomen), sensations of discomfort in the stomach.
Heartburn - a burning sensation behind the sternum, which develops due to the throwing of acidic gastric juice into the lower parts of the esophagus.
Pathological processes in the stomach, accompanied by high acidity - hyperacid gastritis, peptic ulcer of the stomach or duodenum, reflux esophagitis, hernia of the esophageal opening of the diaphragm, which develops the insufficiency of the lower esophageal valve and the systematic transfer of acidic gastric contents into the esophagus.
Also, the drug is used to develop dyspeptic phenomena after taking a significant amount of fried, fatty foods, excessive use of coffee, alcohol, after smoking.
Contraindications to use
The use of tablets Gastalum is contraindicated in a number of pathological and physiological conditions of the body, which include:
Individual intolerance, increased sensitivity of the body to salts of aluminum, magnesium and excipients of the drug.
Severe kidney failure.
Alzheimer's disease is a serious disorder in the intellect in the elderly.
Hypophosphatemia - a decrease in the level of salts of phosphoric acid in the blood.
Lactose intolerance, malabsorption syndrome, accompanied by a deficiency of the enzyme lactase, which cleaves lactose.
Children under 6 years.
With caution Gastal tablets are used in the elderly, with concomitant hepatic insufficiency, children over the age of 6 years. Before you start using the drug, you need to make sure there are no contraindications to its use.
Dosing and Administration
Gastal tablets are applied by resorption in the oral cavity. The recommended therapeutic dose of the drug depends on age:
Children aged 6 to 12 years - ½-1 tablet 4-5 times a day.
Children over the age of 12 and adults - 1-2 tablets 4-5 times a day.
The duration of Gastal tablets should not exceed a period of 2 weeks.
Gastal tablets are well tolerated, when applied at recommended therapeutic doses, side effects hardly develop. Rarely develops nausea, vomiting, constipation or diarrhea, a change in taste sensations. Very seldom can there be allergic reactions in the form of a rash on the skin, its itching or urticaria (a characteristic rash and itch resembling a nettle burn).
Before using Gastal tablets, you should carefully read the instructions for the drug. There are a number of special instructions that include:
Reduction in dosage and duration of the course of the drug is recommended for children and adults, whose weight is less than 50 kg.
It is not recommended to independently increase the dose and duration of the drug use of persons who have concomitant functional kidney failure.
Reception of tablets over 14 days is possible only after consultation of the doctor.
The active substances of the drug can significantly reduce the bioavailability of other drugs, so it is recommended that they be taken no less than an hour after resorption of the Gastal tablet.
During pregnancy or lactation, Gastal tablets are only possible after consultation with a doctor.
The drug does not affect the speed of psychomotor reactions and concentration of attention.
In the pharmacy network, the drug is dispensed without a prescription. If there are any doubts or questions regarding the use of Gastal tablets, you should consult your doctor.
If the recommended therapeutic dose is significantly exceeded, constipation or diarrhea may develop. Also, there is sometimes a violation of the level of ions in the blood (hypophosphatemia, hypocalcemia) due to the binding of mineral salts in the lumen of the intestine. In such cases, symptomatic therapy and replenishment of mineral ions in the blood are performed.
According to the active substances and the therapeutic effect, the analog of Gastal tablets is Almagel.
Terms and conditions of storage
The shelf life of Gastal tablets is - years from the date of their release. Keep the drug in a dark, dry place at an air temperature of not more than + 25 ° C. Keep out of the reach of children.